The Indian Space Resarch Organisation (ISRO) initiated
the development of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) in the 1980s,
based on the technology developed with the previous SLV-3
and ASLV launchers. The PSLV was designed to loft ISRO’s Indian Remote
Sensing (IRS) satellites on behalf of India’s policy for autonomous access
First launch failed on September 20, 1993, due to a software
error at stage 2/3 separation. Second and third development flights were
successful on October 15, 1994, and March 21, 1996.
An improved PSLV is due to make its debut in 1997.
A Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) derived
from the PSLV is also planned to be introduced in 1998.
Sriharikota Range (SHAR), Andhra Pradesh (13° 41′
N / 80° 14′ E)